Mother Teresa Wins The 1979 Nobel Prize

By Linda Speckhals
Mother Teresa accompanied by children at her mission in Calcutta, India (Photo by Tim Graham/Corbis via Getty Images)
For an individual to be awarded the Nobel Peace Prize, the nomination must be made by an individual who falls within a select category. After the nominations are received, the Norwegian Nobel committee reviews them to develop a shortlist which consists of twenty to thirty candidates. From there, the advisers review the nominations. This group of advisers is generally comprised of a select group of Norwegian professors who have a couple of months to draw up their reports. Then the committee of five chooses the winner through a majority vote. The Peace Prize is awarded in Oslo, Norway (the other Nobels are awarded in Stockholm Sweden. The first Nobel Peace Prize was awarded in 1901. It was divided between Jean Henry Dunant, a Swiss humanitarian who founded the Red Cross, and Frédéric Passy, a French pacifist who founded several peace societies. In 1979, Mother Theresa joined the distinguished ranks of Nobel Laureates in recognition for her work fighting poverty in the world.