Building The Berlin Wall

The building of the wall. A girl watches an East-German bricklayer working at the border. - August 1961 (Photo by Hyzdal von Miserony/ullstein bild via Getty Images)
With the end of World War II, Germany was split into four “allied occupation zones,” with the eastern part of the country going to the Soviet Union. The remaining three zones, which comprised West Germany, went to the United States, Great Britain, and France. Berlin, although technically in East Germany, was also split, with the Soviet Union taking East Berlin. Prior to the building of the wall, about a half-million people moved between East and West Berlin every day, which caused problems because the East German residents could compare living situations.